Minggu, 24 Mei 2015

Rangkuman Jurnal

Judul Jurnal :
Information Technology Research in Developing Nations: Major Research Methods and Publication Outlets
Author :  Franklin Wabwoba, Anselimo Peters Ikoha
Masinde Muliro University of Science and Technology, Computer Science Department

1.       INTRODUCTION
A research method can be considered as a set of organizing principles around which data is collected and analyzed. It is a strategy of inquiry to research design and collection of data. It is the means by which data about given Information Technology (IT) problem may be solved. A variety of methods can be used to solve problems in Information Technology.

2.       THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN IT RESEARCH AND COMPUTER SCIENCE RESEARCH
 IT is the study, design, development, implementation, support or management of computer-based information systems, particularly software applications and computer hardware. IT deals with the use of electronic computers and computer software to convert, store, protect, process, transmit, and securely retrieve information.
Computer Science is the science of computers whilst Information Technology may or may not make use computers or any form of computer science.

3.       RESEARCH METHODS
3.1. Action research
Action research does develop solutions that are of practical value to the people or organisations with whom the researcher is working with as it is an interactive process while at the same time having minimal contribution to knowledge.
3.2. Case study
The main purpose of the case study is to determine factors and relationships among the factors that resulted in the behavior under study. It does use purposive sampling in selecting the cases to involve in the study.
3.3. Ethnography
This approach puts emphasis on sociology of meaning through the use of observation, interviews and examining of documents. This approach gives an in-depth knowledge of only a particular context and situation thus making it difficult to make generalizations. It also produces highly qualitative data which is fairly difficult to present in a manner that is usable to designers and can be too costly if the number of participants were to be increased.
3.4. Grounded theory
This is a method used in Information Technology to develop theory that is grounded in data systematically gathered and analyzed. It is a discovery method that allows the researcher to develop theoretical accounts based on concepts, categories and prepositions.
3.5. Survey
survey method is an attempt to collect data from members of population in order to determine the current status of that population with respect of one or more variables. This is a study that investigates relationships and outcomes. The method is very useful in studying a large number of variables using a large sample size and rigorous statistical analysis.
3.6. Experimentation
Experiments are undertaken where the researcher needs to have control over the situation with direct and precise and systematic manipulation of the behaviour of the phenomenon under study. An experiment method is one where the investigation of one or more dependent variables is manipulated to measure the effect on one or more variables.
3.7. Secondary
Secondary research makes use of data obtained from previous published studies to undertake a research synthesis to combine findings of different studies on a research problem.

4.       MAJOR PUBLICATION OUTLETS IN INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY
Research work as well as knowledge in the field of information Technology can be shared out with the community at large through journal publications and conference all over the world. Most of this journals organize conference through which dissemination of research findings of Information Technology can be done along side those organized by universities. Many of the journals also do not charge for publishing with them.

5.       CONCLUSION
In developing nations, a number of computer science researcher have end up doing IT research and vice versa, however, there is need to have the difference clearly defined out. The discussion give in this paper goes a long way in doing just this.
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